What Is A CEMA Loan? A Quick Guide For NY Homeowners
For years, each time a client in New York State decided to refinance their home, they would pay a state mortgage recording tax on the entire new loan amount. But luckily, there’s a new workaround when it comes to refinancing: a CEMA loan.
Let’s take a closer look at what a CEMA loan is, plus, whether this is the right loan for your situation.
What Is A CEMA Mortgage Loan?
A CEMA mortgage loan (Consolidation, Extension and Modification Agreement) is only available for New York residents. This loan option significantly reduces refinancing costs because you’re not paying the full mortgage recording tax. Instead, the borrower pays the difference between the existing principal balance and the new loan amount.
When buying a piece of real estate in New York, you’ll face a mortgage recording tax unless the property is a co-op. The taxes are collected on a state level. But several counties add an extra local tax. In NYC, the mortgage recording tax ranges from 1.8% – 1.925% of the mortgage amount.
This tax is levied on both home purchases and mortgage refinances, which means you could end up paying this tax more than once if you want to refinance. A CEMA loan is designed to help reduce closing costs and the NY tax burden.
Understanding NY CEMA Costs
One thing to note is that CEMA loans have some additional fees involved that could make them less advantageous. Fees vary for individual loans and can range from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars. They typically cover CEMA assignment fees, closing fees and processing fees.
Here’s an example of how much you could save. Let’s say that you have a $300,000 existing mortgage on a New York property. With closing costs of $15,000 and a local NY tax rate of 1.8%, you would pay $5,400 in total tax without CEMA.
But with CEMA, you would pay $270 total tax plus CEMA fees. If the CEMA fees totaled $1,500 in the example above, the homeowner would clearly benefit from using a CEMA loan.
However, CEMA loans may not always be a good fit. Tax rates and attorney fees vary, meaning that a non-CEMA loan may be less expensive in the long run. But most clients looking for cost-effective refinancing should consider a CEMA loan and determine if it would benefit them.
CEMA Mortgage Loan Requirements
The most immediate requirement for a CEMA loan is to be a New York State resident. CEMA loans are only available to refinance conventional, FHA and jumbo loans. VA loans are not available. Although CEMA loans are commonly used in place of a traditional refinance, this is an extremely rare loan type for those buying a home.
Most types of houses and living situations can qualify for a CEMA loan, except for co-ops. New York State doesn’t collect mortgage taxes on co-ops, as co-op personal shares aren’t considered real estate.
Finding a lender that offers CEMA refinancing can be difficult, and you should make sure that the lender you choose offers it. Consider asking your current lender if they offer CEMA loans. If not, shop around for a new lender. One lender that offers NY CEMA loans is Rocket Mortgage®.
Is CEMA Worth It?
Now that you know what CEMA in NY is, it’s time to decide whether this loan type is right for your situation. Every loan type has advantages and disadvantages. Here’s what you should consider before moving forward with a CEMA loan.
Pros Of A CEMA Loan
Homeownership is expensive, and owning real estate in the state of New York is very expensive. That’s especially true in New York City. So, it makes sense that one of the most attractive benefits of a CEMA loan is the avoidance of additional mortgage recording tax.
It’s possible to save thousands upfront by choosing a CEMA loan over a traditional mortgage refinance. Additionally, you can potentially tap into a lower interest rate and reduce closing costs with a CEMA loan.
Cons Of A CEMA Loan
While a CEMA loan does save you money in many cases, it’s not necessarily the quickest process. The state of New York, and any previous lender, must do some special signing off in order to get the mortgage and title transfers processed under CEMA regulations, allowing you to pay taxes only on the new money in the transaction rather than the full principal balance.
This means that CEMA refinances are going to require a little more patience than your typical refinance. It may take 60 – 90 days to close your loan. However, they’ll keep you updated throughout the process.
If, for some reason, you really need your loan to close quickly, you can look at other refinance types. Just be aware that you could pay additional taxes in exchange for that speed.
The Bottom Line: Is A CEMA Mortgage Right For You?
If you are a resident of New York considering a refinance, then a CEMA mortgage is a great option. Although it may take more time than a traditional refinance, this option could save you thousands in taxes.
If you are ready to pursue a CEMA loan or other refinancing option, start the process with Rocket Mortgage today!