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What Does Conveyance Mean In Real Estate And Why Is It Important?

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Published on April 21, 2022
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Anytime you’re buying or selling a home, there’s a lot of paperwork involved, and you may hear terms that you weren’t previously familiar with. One term you may frequently hear thrown around is a conveyance. It’s important to note that conveyance in the U.S. is a much simpler process than in the U.K., where the term is more commonly used.

Conveyance is the transfer of property ownership from one party to another. This article will explain how conveyance in real estate works and everything you need to know as you start the home buying process.

What Does Conveyance Mean In Real Estate?

Conveyance is the transfer of ownership of real property between a seller (also known as the conveyor) and a buyer (the conveyee). This process is done using an instrument of conveyance, usually a deed, lease or contract. This document transfers the legal title to the new owner and finalizes the lien on the property.

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Why Is Conveyance Important?

If you’re just starting the process of buying a home, it’s important to understand how conveyance works. Conveyance legally documents that the seller has transferred property ownership to the buyer.

This documentation means that if one party breaks the contract used to transfer ownership, the other party can take them to court to enforce the conveyance. This is also why many home buyers are encouraged to purchase title insurance.

You may have to pay a conveyance tax or real estate transfer tax, depending on where you live. The tax largely depends on your local and state laws – for instance, Kansas, Mississippi and Missouri don’t charge a transfer tax.

Types Of Conveyance

There are two main types of conveyances: real estate and mineral rights. It’s a good idea to learn more about both kinds before starting the home buying process.

Real Estate Conveyances

Several types of legal documents are used for conveyance in real estate transactions, but deeds are the most common ones used. Here are the most common type of deeds you can expect to see:

  • Warranty deed: A warranty deed is the most common type of deed used. It protects the buyer by stating that the seller holds the title and there are no encumbrances or liens on it.
  • Quitclaim deed: A quitclaim deed is typically used during a divorce or between family members and isn’t used for standard home sales.
  • Reconveyance deed: A reconveyance deed is often used to transfer a property title from a lender to a borrower. It’s frequently used when a borrower pays off their mortgage.

Mineral Rights Conveyance

The term “mineral rights” refers to ownership of resources like oil, gold, copper and natural gas. If you own mineral rights, you can extract and sell these resources without needing to receive government authorization.

And if you decide to transfer these rights, you’ll need a mineral rights conveyance. The average reader won’t need to worry about this type of conveyance, but it can be helpful to know about it beforehand.

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Conveyance FAQs

If you’re interested in learning more about conveyances and how they work, you might find the following questions and answers useful.

What is required for conveyance?

To transfer ownership of a property, both the buyer and the seller need to provide certain types of information to complete the conveyance. For instance, you’ll likely have to provide the following information:

  • Seller’s full name (sometimes listed as the Grantor)
  • Buyer’s full name (Grantee)
  • The legal description of the property
  • Purchase price
  • Affidavit of consideration

You’ll also need to enlist a notary to notarize the signatures of both parties to make the conveyance complete.

What are the steps in the conveyancing process?

While the details of property transfer can vary by location, here are the general steps you’ll take to complete the conveyance process and transfer ownership of the property:

  1. The seller will accept an offer on the property and select a closing date.
  2. A local authority searches for liens, easements and other encumbrances.
  3. The buyer’s financing is confirmed.
  4. The conveyance documents are prepared and completed.
  5. The state may assess a conveyance tax on the property transfer if the transaction exceeds a certain amount.

What is a deed of conveyance?

A deed of conveyance is a legal document that proves that the deed (or title) was transferred from one property owner to another. That way, if a problem arises regarding ownership, there’s legal evidence that one party transferred ownership to another party.

This is similar to a sales deed, which is a contract establishing that the property was transferred to the buyer. It states that the sale was completed successfully, and that the purchaser now owns the property.

However, the main difference between the two deeds is that a sales deed is used when a sale takes place. In comparison, a conveyance deed can be used when the property is transferred as a gift, lease, mortgage or under other circumstances.

What does mortgage conveyancing mean?

Mortgage conveyancing involves using a qualified professional to do the legal work of transferring property ownership. Using a qualified third party is easier for everyone involved and can be the best way to ensure it’s done correctly. This individual will research the property, look for any potential problems and complete all the paperwork.

The Bottom Line

Conveyance is the process of transferring property ownership from one party to another. This process is completed using a legal document, like a deed, lease or contract. Completing the conveyance process successfully protects the buyer if any issues arise regarding property ownership.

If you’re a first-time home buyer, there’s a lot to learn, and it’ll take time to familiarize yourself with the new terminology. It may be a good idea to read more about purchase agreements and how they work as a next step. 

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Jamie Johnson

Jamie Johnson is a Kansas City-based freelance writer who writes about a variety of personal finance topics, including loans, building credit, and paying down debt. She currently writes for clients like the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Business Insider, and Bankrate.