The interest rate you get on your mortgage is of vital importance for most borrowers, yet how mortgage rates work can be a complex and confusing topic for the average consumer.
If you’ve heard of a “par rate” but aren’t quite sure what it is, no worries. Let’s go over the basics of this somewhat obscure mortgage term.
What Is A Mortgage Par Rate?
The par rate is the mortgage lending interest rate for a loan that does not require any lender credit or discount points from the borrower.
A par rate is what you’ll receive based on the type of loan you’re getting and your credit history, without any additional adjustments for things like “buying down” your rate.
Still confused? Let’s talk about what that means in practice, and how exactly your par rate is determined.
How Does A Par Rate Work?
As you go through the mortgage approval process, an underwriter will look at your entire financial and credit profile and make a decision about your rate based on certain factors, including your credit score, debt-to-income ratio and the amount you plan on putting toward your down payment.
This is why experts often recommend that hopeful home buyers with less-than-stellar credit histories work on their credit before they apply for a mortgage. Your credit indicates to the lender how much of a risk you are as a borrower, and borrowers who present a higher risk will typically have to pay a higher interest rate to mitigate the risk the lender takes in giving them a mortgage.
However, your credit isn’t the only thing that will determine your rate. The underwriter will also consider things like what type of loan you’re getting (such as a conventional or FHA loan), whether it’s a fixed-rate or adjustable rate loan and the term or length of the loan (such as a 15-year or 30-year loan). For example, shorter term loans typically come with lower interest rates than those with longer terms.
Your par rate is not necessarily the rate you’ll end up paying – you may opt to pay discount points or ask for a lender credit to lower your closing costs, which would cause your rate to be adjusted up or down from your original, par rate. Let’s go over a couple of the ways your rate can be adjusted from your initial par rate.
Adjusting Par Rates
Your par rate isn’t set in stone. In fact, it’s possible to get an even lower rate than the one you were quoted – provided you’re willing to pay for it. On the flip side, you can also exchange a higher rate for lower upfront costs. Be sure to ask your lender about what options are available to you.
The two main options you’ll have that will change your rate are purchasing discount points or receiving lender credits.
As a borrower, you can buy discount points to lower your rate. You may see this referred to as “buying down” your interest rate. The cost of one point is equal to 1% of the total loan amount. So, if you were borrowing $100,000 for your home, one discount point would cost $1,000. You’ll pay this cost at the closing table in exchange for a lowered interest rate.
If you’re not as concerned about having the lowest rate possible but are more interested in lowering the amount of money you’ll pay at closing, you can use lender credits. With this, your lender will cover a portion of your closing costs, lowering the amount of cash you’ll need to bring to the closing table. In exchange, you’ll receive a slightly higher interest rate.
If you choose either of these options, the new rate you receive – the one you’ll pay on your mortgage each month – is your adjusted par rate.
Par Rate Example
Let’s say you receive an interest rate of 4% on your $200,000, 30-year conventional mortgage. If you choose not to add any points or credits to your loan, your rate will simply be 4% with no adjustment. That’s your par rate. As such, your monthly principal and interest mortgage payment (without factoring in taxes, insurance or other costs) will be $954.83.
But maybe you decide you’d like to purchase discount points to lower your rate. You purchase one discount point, paying $2,000 at closing for a 0.25% rate decrease. Now, your rate is 3.75% and your monthly payment shrinks a bit to $926.23. That’s a savings of $28.60 per month, or a little over $10,000 over the life of the loan.
Or perhaps you don’t have a lot of extra cash in your savings and you’d like to limit the amount you spend on closing costs. You ask the lender for a credit at closing to offset your costs, but in return your rate goes up a bit, to 4.25%. This means a monthly payment (not including taxes or insurance) of $983.88, which is $29.16 more per month than what you’d pay with the par rate. That can add up over the life of the loan, but if you don’t plan on remaining in your home for the duration of your mortgage, the math may still work out in your favor.
Whichever path you choose, your par rate is the jumping-off point for determining how much more or less you’ll pay in interest.
To calculate your own costs and figure out how a change in your interest rate would affect your monthly payment, try out our mortgage calculator.
Par Rates And You
While looking at today’s mortgage rates can be helpful for home shoppers who are looking to apply for a mortgage soon, keep in mind that the rate you see advertised may be different than the one you end up getting.
There are many different factors that go into determining the par rate you initially receive from a lender after you’ve applied for a loan, and even that can change as you go through the process and different items are added to your loan.