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What Happens to Your Debt When You Die? - Quicken Loans Zing BlogLet’s start by acknowledging that death’s no fun to talk about. It’s easier to kick that rusty can down the road, saving those darker conversations for another day. But before you take the “financial ignorance is bliss” approach, you need to consider how your debt will affect your loved ones after you’re gone. In an ideal world, you wouldn’t have any debt to pass on to your family. But whether it’s caused by circumstances or life choices, some of us will inevitably be in the red even when we’re dead. Let’s take a deeper look at what happens to your debt when you’re gone.

Where There’s a Will

While we’re contemplating mortality, make sure you’ve taken some time to create a will. Not only is it cheaper than ever before ($20–$50), but it allows you to better protect your estate and divvy it up as you see fit. Without a will, your assets will be handed over to the state and then given to your next of kin. If you want any say in where your estate is headed, make sure you sit down and make a will.

What Happens to My Debt When I Die?

After you’ve taken your final bow, your estate generally owes any of your debts. If you have enough assets to pay for these debts, someone known as an executor (such a cheery title) is responsible for selling those assets and settling up with the creditors. If your estate doesn’t have the funds to pay for these personal debts (this is called a solvent estate), then the debts typically die with you. But not always.

In the event that your estate does cover the amount of your debts, the rest of your estate is then given to your heirs. But remember, creditors will come before your heirs.

Undead Debts

The largest exception to the dying debts is when one of your loved ones acts as a guarantor or co-signs one of your loans. By doing this, they’re saying they will assume the loan if you can’t. And, to be frank, you can’t do much assuming when you’re dead.

This is also the case for spouses that have joint credit card accounts. Even if your spouse had nothing to do with that boat you purchased on a credit card, they’re still responsible for paying it off. This is not suggesting that you and your spouse should absolutely have separate accounts for your debts and assets. In fact, if managed well, that can be a powerful booster to your finances. But before you tie the financial knot with anyone, make sure you can trust their spending habits.

It’s important to note that an authorized user on a card is not the same thing as a co-signer. An authorized user will not be required to pay the debts of the deceased account holder.

Dying to Get Rid of Student Loans

It’s surprisingly difficult to have your student loans discharged. You can’t even get rid of them by filing for bankruptcy (in most cases). In life they’re attached to you like a bad tattoo. Death, however, is an excellent cure for most federal student loans.

Private banks aren’t nearly as forgiving of student loans. Private student loans can eat away at your estate if you haven’t planned a way to protect yourself (we’ll talk more about this in just a bit). Since 2009, though, many private student loan lenders have become better about wiping the slate clean after death, but each lender is different.

The Mortgage

According to federal law, a surviving spouse – with proof of financial ability and creditworthiness – will be able to take over the mortgage if you die, rather than paying the full balance back to the mortgage company. Once again, talking to your family is an important part in this process. You need to communicate the realities of the situation, specifically those that involve finances. In some cases, it may make sense for your spouse to downsize to a cheaper house so that they can have a more manageable monthly payment.

Protecting Your Estate from Debt

While there are always exceptions at the state level, in most cases, 401(k)s, life insurance policies, IRAs and brokerage accounts are protected from creditors. This allows you to list individuals as your beneficiaries, and it keeps the money from going to your estate. Remember, in an estate, creditors come before heirs.

The Exceptions: Community Property Laws

Some states have something called community property laws, which could definitely affect the way your debt is treated after you’re gone. These laws require that any debts or assets that you’ve obtained after you got married are also the responsibility of your spouse. In other words, even if your spouse isn’t on the car loan, he or she is still responsible for paying it off when you’re gone.

Below are 10 states in the U.S. that have community property laws: Arizona, California, Idaho Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington and Wisconsin. Alaska makes the list too, but residents have the option to make their property considered community property or not.

You Can’t Take It with You

Debt can certainly be a headache during life, but under certain circumstances, it can be a tragedy after death. If you’re not careful, your family could suffer the consequences. Discussing death isn’t easy, but do yourself and your loved ones a favor by sitting down and talking about these financial decisions. And if you have any questions at all, don’t hesitate to speak with a lawyer.

This Post Has 26 Comments

  1. I purchased a home with my partner as joint tenants, if he should pass would his bank take his assets to pay on the loan. He has adult children

    1. Hi Eva:

      The bank will let you continue to pay on the loan. You would just need to provide a death certificate. The recourse if you didn’t pay would be that they can take the house. State law would dictate whether they could take his other assets if the foreclosure wasn’t enough to make up their investment in the mortgage. In that realm, you might talk to a local attorney. I hope this helps!

  2. Hi there! Hope all is well! So I have a question about a mortgage. I reside in South Carolina. For 12 years now, well since 2008, I have been paying the mortgage payment, and all other expenses related to our home. However, due to the housing market collapse in 2008 when we purchased it, my credit was not strong enough to even co-sign for a mortgage they said, so my Father signed over a power of attorney to my Mother (due to him working out of town ) in order for her to be able to sign the mortgage papers at our closing. As I said, I have been making the payments every month, and on time, to keep his credit good. Because of depreciation issues, now I can’t refi without a huge down payment which is not an option, I can afford the payments though as I have been making them, and my Dad turns 71 next month and is in discussion about what happens to all his debt once he passes. ( Although it would be nice if he didnt, but we all have to) Anyway, my Brother is the eldest, and my Father wants him to be the executor, although Dad and Mom are also still married too. However, the entire family knows that I have been, and will continue the payments, but My Brother told him that if he passes and still owes on my house, that being as he has 2 other homes as well that is paid for and Dad wants to leave them to all 4 of us to split, not counting my home, that the mortgage company would take the balance when he dies that is due in my home out of the property equity of the 2 that are paid for. Sale those another words. That don’t even sound right to me, but nevertheless, neither of my sisters or my brother would care or try anything funny such as wanting part of my home since I have paid for it myself since day 1, and if I continued making the payments until paid off. My question is what can I do to make sure that I can continue making the payments on time if something were to happen to my father, and ensure just in case, that it would be 100% mine and my family’s home once I have satisfied the mortgage. Your advise and direction would be extremely appreciated because my Father is pretty upset now that my Brother has told him that about the bank having his other 2 paid for properties sold. I mean the mortgage payment on my home hasn’t even been late, and I have spoken to the bank myself, and they even know that me and my family have been occupying our home since we got it in 08. Thank You very much in advance. Have a wonderful day!!!

    1. Hi Ben:

      Your father has enough assets between all the houses that it’s probably worth talking to an estate planner to get everything sorted out. However, I can tell you that in general, the bank doesn’t care who is making the payments as long as they get paid. I don’t know what your brother is necessarily referring to because even if you were to default on your payments, the first thing the bank would do would be to sell your house before looking at any of the other assets in order to pay off any difference between the sale price and the balance. But none of this comes into play as long as you keep making the payments. In terms of what happens after the mortgage is paid off, the mortgage has nothing to do with the title and deed to the home, which may or may not be already in your name. If they’re not in your name already, your father simply needs to sign the deed over to you or will the property to you. I hope this helps! Thanks!

  3. Hi,
    I am hoping you can give me clarification on a difficult and heartbreaking situation. My mom and best friend passed away suddenly in October. She didn’t leave a will or life insurance. I have 1 other sister. My mom had a mobile home she financed 5 years ago and put on our (my husband and I) land. My sister had agreed to do a sussession so that we could sell the trailer and move it off our property, but now that we have had multiple buyers she’s refusing to sign it or give up her portion to perform the sale because she fears my mom will have other debt and we will have our credit and other bills of my moms attach to us. The bank is already wanting to reposes the home but allowed us to try and find a buyer first. We have the money to pay off the mortgage and my sister does not, can we just pay it off and once it’s ours sell it then or will I have to go through the courts to have them settle this matter… can the bank sell it to someone else other than my sister or I if they were the only ones on the mortgage with my mom and there’s no will??
    I am looking forward to ur response and any advice would be greatly appreciated….
    Heartbroken and sad
    Bayou Beauty

    1. Hi Bayou Beauty:

      I would advise you to speak with a lawyer to find out what happens here. We don’t do financing for mobile homes. If it were a single-family home, the bank would have the right to sell it to anyone in the event of a repossession. However, I don’t know how that works when it’s a mobile home on your land. I’m sorry to hear about your mom.

  4. My mother in law passed away without a will. Her name was the only name on her home and the mortgage. Her home is her only asset. There are some medical bills and funeral expenses that need to be paid. She has been living with her significant other (no marriage) for many years and they shared a joint checking account. He expects my husband and his brother (there are only two siblings) to pay the house payment since the home and mortgage are in their mothers name, yet he wants and intends to live his life out in the home. Since we are already picking up part of the tab for the funeral, we feel like he should be responsible to pay the house payment, since he is the only one that lives there . Without her income, he most likely won’t be able to pay the mortgage and his truck and trailer payment. He refuses to try and come to an agreement of how all this should handled, especially helping paying her medical bills and the balance owed on the funeral. It’s just a difficult situation, we are trying to help him and don’t want to force him out of the home. Would it be best just to let it go to probate and let the court system work it out? That way her debts can be paid with the sale of her home and anything that remains can be distributed however the court sees fit. We aren’t even sure how it all works out where they aren’t married.

    1. Hi Lisa:

      If she had no will and you can’t come to an agreement with her significant other, it’s going to have to go through the court system. If you have no particular attachment to the house, that’s the way I would handle it. I’m sorry to hear about your mother-in-law.

  5. Hi
    I reside in Florida and my spouse just passed away in July 2020. We owned the home together. I am on the deed but not on the mortgage. He had a Will but the Will didn’t state anything about the house because we purchased the house after we updated the Will.
    Spouse had no other debt or loans.
    I deposited the Will at the courthouse yesterday, I did everything ( Deposit the Will, filed an Affidavit of Continuous Marriage, and Affidavit of No Florida Estate Tax Due) Pro Se because I didn’t want to hire an attorney. I contacted the mortgage company and let them know about his passing. I am more than willing to stay in the house and continue to pay the mortgage.
    I’m not sure if you can answer this, but Is there anything else I need to do with regards to the courts?
    I’d like to get the interest rate lowered on the loan since it’s higher currently. Paying 3.5% However I currently am unemployed and won’t qualify for a re-fi or a new mortgage.


    1. Hello Donna,

      I just want to say first and foremost that I’m sorry to hear of your spouse passing and I offer my condolences.

      Unfortunately, I cannot offer you legal advice on what to do next, but if you’re in Florida, here’s a list of Local Legal Aid websites where you can get the help you need.

      The way we may be able to get you a lower interest rate is through refinancing. I know you said that you don’t think you would qualify, but if you would like to talk with a Home Loan Expert about your options, you can call (800) 251-9080 or use this link to chat.

      I hope this helps. Thank you for your comment.

  6. My companion and I are buying a home together with me only on deed and he on the loan. If he dies where do I stand as far as the loan!
    If we are paying PMI insurance does it cover the mortgage when he dies and will I inherit his side of the home!
    He also has a college loan when he dies can the government school loan attach the home so do I end up paying his college loan! We are not married but have my name on deed not on mortgage! Thank you !

    1. Hi Minnie:

      You’ve raised several points here and I’m going to try to touch on all of them. If you’re the only one on the deed, you own the home outright once the transaction goes through. Since you’re not married, I would speak with whoever you’re working with about how they’ll treat inheritance in the event that he passes, but you should be able to at least keep making mortgage payments under the current terms. PMI doesn’t protect you. The benefit to clients of PMI is the ability to make a lower down payment, but it’s insurance for the lender against default because of the increased risk associated with lower down payment loans. If you wanted something that specifically paid off the mortgage in the event of the death of one of you, there are life insurance companies that sell mortgage life insurance policies.

      Some of this will depend on whether you’re in a community property state as well. If you are, his debts can become your debts, so that’s the first question you need to ask yourself in terms of the student loan. Additionally, federal student loans are forgiven in the event of death, but private lenders may have different policies, so I would check into the terms of his loan. I hope this is giving you some idea of what to think about. You could also speak with one of our Home Loan Experts at (888) 980-6716.

  7. My husband George & I were married 43 years. We were both married prior to our marriage & he fathered 5 children. When he became ill, he wrote a will leaving all his possessions to me I was the executor. On the day of the funeral, his Son searched George’s desk for the will (with my approval). He reported that there was no will. I began a thorough search of all his files but have not found the Will nor any copies. I know he wrote it, I read it, & noticed that the notary was from our credit union. Now 3 years has passed & I want to refinance the mortgage. I got a a great rate from Quicken/Amerisave. But have just learned that because I live in Texas, I don’t own all of the house. His 5 children own 1/2 of everything that belonged to us. I believe his Son took the Will out of George’s desk because that is where I had seen it in a file marked George’s Will. His children were never pleased that George married anyone but their Mother. I am afraid that they will make me sell the house or prevent me from refinancing. The Notary at the bank was a business friend of George and remembered him bring the Will for her to Notarize. He wrote it on his IPad, which I have. But I have not turned his IPad on since I prefer a laptop.
    1. is there anyway that a copy of the will from the Ipad and perhaps a statement from the notary could help my situation?
    2.Will I be allowed to refinance & get money out of new loan to pay off debt incurred by me to keep house in good condition and a car wreck?
    3. George also had a collection of toy cars & toys that he wanted me to sell one at a time to give me money to live on, but I have never even tried this.
    4. I have no idea how to estimate the worth of the house or collection.
    5. I have never asked Jeff for the Will, I have been so disappointed & depressed over this. I am 78 now. Can you give me any advice?

    1. Hi Jackie:

      I’m sorry to hear about your husband. That’s a very difficult situation, and there’s not a ton I think I can tell you about this. I think you need to get an estate planning attorney who is local to your area involved. The other thing I would say is that I know it’s an awkward conversation, but perhaps the best way to get a straight answer is to just have the conversation with his son. In terms of getting the collection and the house appraised, you can pay for an appraisal. Whether the house was never refinanced or sold, some valuation would have to be done anyway, so that would take care of the real estate part. But I think you may ultimately need to talk to a lawyer.

  8. Help! I am administrator of dead son’s estate going thru probate. Can I buy his home for the remaining balance on his home loan? OR do I have to pay the full value of the home using the excess money to pay for his bills?
    How do I do this?

    We have a car with a loan, too. Can my daughterr buy the car forr only the remaining loan balance on it?

    A judge needs to approve my selling any of my son’s assets. How do I do this?

    1. Hi Mary:

      I’m sorry about the loss of your son. Probate can be a bit complicated, but I’m going to try to help you out as much as I can.

      You have the ability to either keep making payments on the property or fully pay off the remaining balance when the property is awarded to you through the probate process. Assuming no one contests the awards in probate, the house and car will probably be awarded to you fairly quickly assuming there’s no administrative hassle. In either case, you both could just pay off the loan. The transfer of ownership would have already taken place in the probate process. I hope this helps!

  9. Hi I co signed for my daughter to buy a home if I die can my brothers fore say go after her for my share I have never made a payment she has made all payments for 3 years …I have a brother that is to interested in my name on her mortgage I hope I made sense.
    Thank You

    1. Hi Mary Ann:

      It depends on whether you’re on the title and deed or just on the loan. If you’re just on the loan, no. It’s still fully your daughter’s property. If you are on the deed, you have the option of willing your share to your daughter. That would take care of it. Hope this helps!

  10. My mother died on October 23, 2018 and I am the contingent deed holder. My brother who is deceased was the primary deed holder. I communicated to the mortgage company that I wanted the house to go back to the bank. I sent several communications, but never got a response until two weeks ago I was summons a residential foreclosure. They are asking for possession of the house and for me to pay their attorney fees. I have no problem with giving them possession of the house, for that is what I have been trying to do since my mother passed, but do not feel that I am responsible for paying their attorney fees. My sister who lived with my mom, continued to live and pay the mortgage for 8 months after my mother’s death. Where do I stand in this situation?

    1. Hi Marilyn:

      There are legal costs associated with taking possession of the house, but what they can and can’t ask for in a foreclosure process is going to depend on local law. You may have to consult with an attorney or look up the relevant statutes in your area. Unfortunately, we aren’t in a position to give legal advice on this blog because the statutes vary too much.

  11. My sister just passed away in January and had a mtg loan with the house being the lein. I am on the deed for this hoise and there are mo assets to make payments on this loan. Am I responsible for this loan? I don’t want to lose the house.

    1. Hi Lynn:

      I’m very sorry to hear about your sister.

      You have two different concerns here. If you’re not on the mortgage, you’re not responsible for the loan. However, if no one makes payments on the loan, the house would go back to the lender in a foreclosure. I would talk to the lender and/or servicer on the loan and see if you can maybe refinance to try to lower the payment. You could also see if you could work on getting a modification in order to help you afford the payments. That would be where I would start. Both of these options would require you to get your name on the loan before moving forward. The other option would be to sell the house. I don’t know if you’re living there, but if you truly can’t afford it, this might put you in the best financial position moving forward. Just something to think about. Good luck!


  12. hello, I lost my husband to cancer march 2016, he was diagnosed with stage 4 grade3 cancer which had already mets to his brain with 5 brain tumors upon diagnoses. He was given 3 months to live but managed to make it almost 21 months. He however was never ok mentally after the whole brain radiation he endured. I tried to get the wills done but it was no use. He didn’t have the true cognitive ability to do it. So he died without one. I am in a community property state of Texas. When he died he was the only one on the mortgage loan even though I am on the deed of trust, I have a affidavit of heirship and we were married when we had the home built in 2005. the mortgage company, a high powered one has gone through 6 modifications and assumption modifications with me and I am still fighting. We paid 143,000 for the home when we had it built. it was paid down to 123,000 when my husband died. they now have it jacked up to over 153,000 which has taken over 30,000 dollars of the equity I had in the home. I have been riped off by attorneys and I don’t know what to do anymore. I am chronically ill on disability, I’m widowed, I will be 63 the 16th of this month of December. I feel like I have no one to help me nor do anything for me to help me keep my home. This is my home all I want to do is make my house notes and live here peacefully. My husbands ashes are also here. He planted the tress in our back yard. Who can I turned to to sik them on this mortgage company. there has to be a government agency or someone who can help me. Please can you give me any help or answers at all. I need help so badly before I have a nervous breakdown!

    1. Hi Carolyn:

      First, I’m sorry to hear about your husband and your situation. It sounds very difficult and you have my deepest sympathy.

      It sounds like you really need to talk to an attorney. If you can afford to make the home payments, you’re legally allowed to stay in the home as his spouse. However, as you’ve been going through modifications, it sounds like there’s some financial difficulty. That being said, if you feel like they’re not treating you fairly during this process, you can try filing a complaint with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau or Federal Trade Commission. They’re tasked with making sure that lenders treat people fairly and they may have some resources for you as well. Depending on the type of loan you have, your lender or servicer may be able to go over different modification options as well. I’m sorry, but that’s the best I can tell you.

      Kevin Graham

  13. I have a walmart card on my credit report a zero balance. I was a user and paid the bill every month when we were together. Now we divorced. I called walmart i had his cardvand mine they could not find it. But its on my credit as 0bal þ6y that hurts credit. All i wanted is too start it back up. I tried usinng it at walmart and almost go thru then something stops it? What do i do? Thank you.

    1. Hey Cristen:

      There are several variables here. Walmart may not actually have the card information. Many times store-branded cards are actually issued by a different bank. You may have to find out who the issuer is and deal with them. If you had a joint account, they may make you cancel the card and reapply on your own because they were relying on both the credit history of you and your husband when you made the original application. I can’t tell you much more other than to find the issuer. I hope that helps.

      Kevin Graham

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